Many hormones and their structural and functional analogs are used as medication . The most commonly prescribed hormones are estrogens and progestogens (as methods of hormonal contraception and as HRT ),  thyroxine (as levothyroxine , for hypothyroidism ) and steroids (for autoimmune diseases and several respiratory disorders ). Insulin is used by many diabetics . Local preparations for use in otolaryngology often contain pharmacologic equivalents of adrenaline , while steroid and vitamin D creams are used extensively in dermatological practice.
Thyroxine and triiodothyronine can be measured as free thyroxine and free triiodothyronine , which are indicators of thyroxine and triiodothyronine activities in the body. They can also be measured as total thyroxine and total triiodothyronine , which also depend on the thyroxine and triiodothyronine that is bound to thyroxine-binding globulin . A related parameter is the free thyroxine index , which is total thyroxine multiplied by thyroid hormone uptake , which, in turn, is a measure of the unbound thyroxine-binding globulins.  Additionally, thyroid disorders can be detected prenatally using advanced imaging techniques and testing fetal hormone levels.